International Journal of Systems Applications, Engineering & Development

E-ISSN: 2074-1308
Volume 10, 2016

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Volume 10, 2016 

Title of the Paper: CFAR Detectors for DVB-T Passive Radar in Non-Homogeneous Scenarios


Authors: N. del-Rey-Maestre, D. Mata-Moya, J. Rosado-Sanz, P. Gomez-del-Hoyo, M. P. Jarabo-Amores

Pages: 340-350

Abstract: CFAR (Constant False Alarm Rate) detectors were designed and evaluated in non-homogeneous DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcasting-Terrestrial) passive radar scenarios. The CA-CFAR (Cell-Averaged CFAR) is the most widespread incoherent CFAR technique. CA-CFAR detector is optimal under the assumption of homogeneous interference, but CA-CFAR performance is degraded when this assumption is not fulfilled. As an attempt to design CFAR algorithms in non-homogeneous environment, VI-CFAR (Variability Index-CFAR) was proposed. CA-CFAR and VI-CFAR detectors were designed and evaluated in a simulated and real passive radar scenarios. The real data were acquired by IDEPAR demonstrator, a DVB-T passive radar system. Results confirm the suitability of VICFAR based solutions in passive radar scenarios providing detection probabilities much higher than the detection capabilities associated with CA-CFAR.

Title of the Paper: Two-Stage Algorithm for License Plate Extraction


Authors: Marko Lukic, Milan Tuba, Raka Jovanovic

Pages: 335-339

Abstract: License plate recognition is an important practical problem with many applications in intelligent transport systems. The most important step is license plate extraction since recognition can be done by commercial character recognition systems. License plate extraction is a hard problem due to many variations in images including distance, angle, illumination, color of the plate, etc. In this paper we propose two-stage algorithm for license plate extraction. The first stage uses dynamically adjustable thresholding for determining potential license plate areas. The second stage uses vertical edge density, contrast information and entropy to extract license plate from other candidate regions. Our proposed algorithm was tested on standard benchmark images and it successfully extracted license plates.

Title of the Paper: Calibration of Nonlinear Radix in Pipelined Analog-to-Digital Converters Using a Correlation Algorithm


Authors: Hamed Aminzadeh, Morteza Rajabzadehy

Pages: 330-334

Abstract: The devices used in current integrated circuits technology are mostly non-linear. This issue makes the matching between such devices almost impossible. In pipelined analogto- digital converters (ADC), this implies that achieving to the accuracies more than those allowable by the error sources is impossible without using an effective calibration technique. It can be shown by simulations that the number of the front-end stages that should be calibrated is larger than the difference of the maximum achievable bits without calibration and the required bits of the converter. In this paper, a discussion is provided on the modeling of the important error sources of the pipelined ADC in gain of the stages, and then, a novel approach is proposed for the non-linear calibration of the ADC stages.

Title of the Paper: Who Controls the Controllers of the Internet?


Authors: Vesna Baltezarević, Radoslav Baltezarević, Borivoje Baltezarević

Pages: 324-329

Abstract: People passing through various stages of development of human society reacted differently to the changes that have transformed their way of life. With the advent of computers and the Internet, a technological leap in the human community took place, laying the foundations of a new, parallel virtual world. The need for communication, as well as the challenge sets sail for the inexhaustible virtual landscapes and typing of the feelings on the keyboard, is opening a recently initiated odyssey quest for answers. Modern technologies have significantly contributed to the redefinition of communication, and the transition to the techno sphere is carried out with the support of IT network which increases the risk of value systems conditioning. The benefits of the Internet are great, but only when it is understood as a tool, and not as an instant replacement of real life. Virtual world offers pleasure to a communicator, but a significant part of the online media space is still not covered by the legal regulations which lead to numerous violations of human rights, but also to serious criminal acts which remain beyond the reach of the law. The aim of the regulation of new media should be directed towards setting up a solid foundation on which they will be able to build methods for the defense of human dignity and privacy in the context of cyberspace.

Title of the Paper: Brownfields in Historical Context – A Case Study of Czech Silesia


Authors: Lubomír Nenička

Pages: 320-323

Abstract: The paper deals with brownfields and historical dimension of their creating. Brownfields have become a significant topic in the public administration, business sector and within the professional circles of the most of the European countries as well. The aim of the article is show, which factors influenced the formation of brownfields using the example of specific Czech border region. The topic is analyzed from historical point of view. The historical analysis will be based parently on unpublished Czech archival sources.

Title of the Paper: Development of High Voltage Module for an Electrostatic Painting Robot System


Authors: Jun-Hyuk Choi, Byong Jo Hyon, Joon Sung Park, Jin-Hong Kim

Pages: 315-319

Abstract: The electrostatic painting system is widely used in many industry applications. The electrostatic painting system projected charged paint particle toward conducting bodies. Paint particles were highly accelerated during projection process, because of electrostatic charges. Electrostatic painting process takes advantage of the principal of physics to achieve better coverage and to lessen the environmental impact by allowing smaller amounts of chemicals to be used. In this system, a high voltage module is essential component. The high voltage generates electrostatic field used to accelerate projection toward conducting bodies. The high voltage module is composed of voltage multiplier and transformer. In this paper, the development of voltage multiplier and transformer in high voltage module was described. The simulations results are described using PSIM tools. In addition to, experimental results from a laboratory prototype are presented to validate the feasibility of the proposed electrostatic painting system

Title of the Paper: Artillery Firing Data Correction Calculation by Using Computers


Authors: K. Šilinger, B. Přikryl, M. Blaha, L. Potužák

Pages: 309-314

Abstract: The new procedures of the distance and direction corrections calculations within software artillery are suggested in the article. Reported algorithms represent the way of calculations that is not based on commonly used simplification by manual calculations in some of current programs. The first calculated variant allows to determine the distance and direction correction using the derived relationships. The second variant represents an alternative approach to the direction correction calculation, which is based on the general line equation definition.

Title of the Paper: Optimization of Cut Surface Quality During CNC Plasma Arc Cutting Process


Authors: Aristidis Tsiolikas, John Kechagias, Konstantinos Salonitis

Pages: 305-308

Abstract: Optimization of cut surface quality during CNC plasma-arc cutting (PAC) of mild steel plates is presented. Using design of experiments (DOE) the optimum process parameters are estimated. The process parameters tested include cutting speed, cutting height and arc voltage. Analysis of means (ANOM) and analysis of variances (ANOVA) were used in order for the effect of each parameter on the surface quality to be assessed.

Title of the Paper: Fundamental Requirements for the Automated Fire Control System for Field Artillery


Authors: M. Blaha, B. Přikryl, K. Šilinger, L. Potužák, T. Havlík

Pages: 300-304

Abstract: This paper in introduction defines concept of automated fire control system for artillery support (ASRPP-DEL) and further divides into chapters according to the requirements that the system had to fulfil, including standardization agreements. First are mentioned general system requirements then all necessary data, which we put into the system. Other chapters deal with supporting commander´s action, tactical and technical fire control, calculating firing data and the already mentioned standardization. Conclusion contains a summary of the requirements and recommendations for ASRPP-DEL arising from this work.

Title of the Paper: The Implications of Modern Technological Methods of Building Metal-Ceramic Prosthesis for Teaching Performance


Authors: Irina Grădinaru, Cristina Gena Dascălu, Magda Ecaterina Antohe

Pages: 296-299

Abstract: The teaching activity of training of the students has a decisive role in the medical activities developing a competitive future for the dental practitioner. The modern restorative dentistry is developing the natural in all aspects, integrating the substitute, the flawless into the dental - somato - facial equilibrium. These issues are analyzed in terms of options for aspects of classic or modern metal-ceramic prosthesis building that students have, this territory is essential to improve formative training in a field of a great practical importance. To better carrying out the teaching performance in clinical and technological territory of metal-ceramic prosthesis for students of Dentistry Faculty in Iasi we conducted a survey targeting the main aspects that influence the final results of metal-ceramic prosthetics. From the results of the questionnaire it is very clear what is the students’ orientation to vanguard methods of the fixed metal-ceramic restorations reflected in terms of technology, while the importance of preparing dental and classical methods of making fixed metal-ceramic prosthetic is being taken into account.

Title of the Paper: Development of LLC Resonant Converter for an Electrostatic Painting Robot System Using a High Voltage Module


Authors: Byong Jo Hyon, Joon Sung Park, Hyuk Choi, Jin-Hong Kim

Pages: 291-295

Abstract: A LLC resonant converter can achieve wide operation range with high efficiency. In the LLC converter, a wide range of output power is controlled by a narrow variation in operating frequency. For these advantages, the LLC resonant converter is used widely in industrial applications. Especially, in an electrostatic painting system, the LLC resonant converter is combined with high voltage generating module and controlled by a variable frequency to adjust wide output load. This paper presents development of the LLC resonant converter for electrostatic painting system. Experimental results from a laboratory prototype are presented to validate the feasibility of the proposed electrostatic painting system.

Title of the Paper: Aspects Regarding the Importance of Maintaining the Independence of Elderly Through the Relationship Between Morbidity and Anthropometric Indicators


Authors: N. Ciuciuc, B. A. Năsui

Pages: 286-290

Abstract: As we get older, our body undergoes changes that occur gradually and inevitably progresses over time, but the rate of progression is very different from one person to another. One of the most important factors influencing quality of life in the elderly is to maintain aerobic capacity and independence in daily self-care. This study has followed the relationship between anthropometric indicators and morbidity of two lots of elderly - institutionalized and non-institutionalized. The used anthropometric indicators were skin folds at several levels, height and weight. Also, the study has determined the percentage of fat mass by bio-electrical impedance method. Morbidity data were collected from medical records of elderly. While evaluating the anthropometric data in relation with the elderly's pathology, it was observed that non-institutionalized elderly - by maintaining their social life - had better values for muscle mass and the pathology is less severe. Also the number of illnesses associated to one person is lower. These differences can be explained if we consider that the institutionalized elderly physical activity is extremely low, either due to lack of equipment (there are few institutions equipped with a gym), either because of associated chronic diseases which further limits exercise capacity.

Title of the Paper: Educational Research in Architecture: ICT Tool for Historical Buildings Evaluation


Authors: Ana L. Virtudes, Filipa Almeida

Pages: 282-285

Abstract: Historical buildings have been threatened by the vulnerability to degradation. This problem is not an exception in Portugal, where the few remaining examples of vernacular architectural wooden stilt-houses of river banks, have been neglected, with the disappearance or abandonment of almost all buildings. This research presents the results of an educational research in architecture, creating a software for evaluation of status of historical buildings conservation. It will present as a case study, the Portuguese wooden stilt-house village of Lezirão, where this ICT (information and communication technology) platform was tested. This is one of the remaining five vernacular architectural villages of river banks that still exist in the country, nearby Tagus river. This research was developed in a PhD thesis in Architecture at the University of Beira Interior in Covilhã. This ICT platform is a pioneer approach in educational research in architecture, related on wooden stilt-houses evaluation in Portugal and it can be used in other similar buildings all over the world.

Title of the Paper: Mechanical Design of New, Hybrid Modular Reconfigurable Robotic System


Authors: Ali Kılıç, Sadettin Kapucu

Pages: 274-281

Abstract: OMNIMO as a modular reconfigurable robot module which can navigate and perform some simple tasks, for complicated duties, proper robot type can be constructed by multiple homogeneous robot modules. It has five different active degrees of freedom which are four revolute and one prismatic. Mobilities of robot can be used as fixed, free and actuated. Each robot module is equipped with some sort of controllers, actuators, sensing elements, a wireless communication unit, power source and complementary electronic and mechanical components. The robot module is designed to move in three dimensional workspace as a hybrid, homogeneous and autonomous. This paper describes details of the sophisticated mechanical design, manufacturing details and hardware implementation of the OMNIMO.

Title of the Paper: Processing Speckle Images to Improve Quality of Residual Stress Measurements by HDM-ESPI


Authors: C. Barile, C. Casavola, G. Pappalettera, C. Pappalettere

Pages: 270-273

Abstract: Industrial processes which lead to the creation of the final components are potential sources of residual stresses. Any kind of manufacturing process, in fact, as welding, forging, casting ecc. introduces a given stress state in the component that it is not easy to foresee. Many experimental techniques have been developed along the years in order to have an accurate evaluation of the residual stress state. Equipments and techniques have strongly evolved along the years and new approaches are also taken into account currently. Among the innovative procedure for residual stress evaluation, one of the most interesting one is HDM-ESPI that can be considered a direct evolution of the well consolidated hole-drilling method. This is a powerful approach consisting in detecting, by an optical interferometric technique, the displacements field around an hole drilled in order to get local stress relaxation. However quality of the recorded images can affect the reliability of the measurement. In this paper some considerations on pixel quality are presented along with some indications about the proper choice of the internal radius of analysis. It will be demonstrated that, from a practical point of view, the quality of the image can be diminished by the production of some fine dust that sticks to the surface altering the speckle pattern. As a consequence it will be seen as a proper choice, of the pixels to be used for residual stress evaluation can affect the final quality of the measurement.

Title of the Paper: Fracture Behaviour of Hot-Pressed Glass Ceramic Dental Crowns


Authors: Liliana Porojan, Sorin Porojan, Anghel Cernescu, Cristina Savencu

Pages: 266-269

Abstract: New ceramic materials, like hot-pressed glass ceramics can be used to achieve monolithic full anatomic all-ceramic dental restorations even in the molar areas. Due to the fact that these materials are brittle and susceptible to fracture, the aim of the study was to reveal the fracture behaviour of hot-pressed glass ceramic molar crowns under different loading methods. For the experimental analyses anatomically first upper molar crowns were fabricated. The specimens were submitted to cyclic fatigue loading and fracture resistance testing. The mode of failure depends on the loading mode. Static loading, wide used in literature, can give an information regarding the values of fracture resistance, but are not illustrative for the long-term success of the restorations, like fatigue behaviour. The most accurate way to simulate the clinical behaviour is the cyclic loading in order to simulate a defined period of oral service. In vitro testing is important before the clinical application.

Title of the Paper: Palmprint Identification Using Discriminative Frequency Components and Extreme Learning Machine


Authors: Burhan Ergen, Vedat Tümen

Pages: 262-265

Abstract: This paper proposes a novel fusion method for palmprint identification based on frequency component analysis, autoregressive signal modeling and extreme learning machines. After determining frequency components by means of a two dimensional Fourier Transform (2DFT), the components are evaluated in three parts; imaginary, real, and absolute values. The 2D components are converted 1D signal using spiral scanning scheme. Then, autoregressive (AR) signal modeling is used to find out dominant components that they are the input for extreme learning machines (ELM) based classifier. This scheme is applied for each part of the frequency component. Experimental result on reliable well known PolyU palmprint database shows the effectiveness of the proposed method with %95 correct recognition rate.

Title of the Paper: Data Quality Metrics for Data Entry Time Quality Evaluation


Authors: Kyung Mi Lee, Keon Myung Lee

Pages: 258-261

Abstract: Acquisition of quality data is crucial in data analysis, machine learning and data mining. Once poor quality data have been admitted into the database, it is costly to detect and remove. One of best practices is to prevent such poor data from being admitted to the system. This paper is concerned with a data entry framework and quality metrics which evaluate newly issued data on their quality. An automatic data entry framework to evaluate incoming data and to detect suspected attribute values enables the data entry personnel to reevaluate or check suspicious data at their entry stage. The proposed framework with integrity metrics has been applied to a cohort data collection system and it has shown the promising results.

Title of the Paper: Learning Management System (LMS) Technical Training Necessary but not Sufficient


Authors: Solomon Negash, Peter N. Meso, Tamara Powell

Pages: 254-257

Abstract: This research is an exploratory study to develop research models to understand the impact of technical and pedagogical LMS training. We develop a research instrument, validate it through empirical study, and propose a model delineating technical and pedagogical LMS training impact. The LMS market is projected to reach $7.8 billion in 2018; it has been growing at a 25% annual rate since 2013. Despite the fast adoption, about 25% of LMS users report dissatisfaction with the technology. Many faculty members undergo LMS training to assist them in using the software more effectively. Most of this training focuses on imparting technical competencies pertaining to features, functions, and navigational capabilities of the LMS with little thought to higher level outcomes such as designing or developing LMS-based assignments that foster critical thinking. This exploratory research found training on features, functions, and navigation as necessary but not sufficient to assist faculty in teaching effectively using the LMS. Technical training is found to achieve only first level outcomes like trainee satisfaction and self-competence. The study finds that LMS pedagogical training produces higher level (second level) outcomes that impact student engagement and innovative use of the LMS by instructors. We provide empirical evidence from our pilot study with a proposed theoretical model to increase second-level outcomes.

Title of the Paper: The Use of Computer Modeling and Simulation Systems for Measurement Using Computers in School Laboratories at Czech Schools


Authors: Radek Nemec, Andrea Berkova, Stepan Hubalovsky

Pages: 247-253

Abstract: This article describes results of the phone interviews across the Czech Republic and of personal interviews with 4 teachers. The use of modelling and simulation measurement systems using computers in a school science laboratory at primary and lower secondary schools in the Czech Republic was analysed through the phone interviews. The results show that there is general knowledge of such systems. However, only 13 % of schools use these systems. The results of the use of systems, frequency of the use and the effect on the popularity of physics are part of the personal interviews.

Title of the Paper: Vision-Based Mobile Robot Localisation and Mapping System with Kinect


Authors: László Somlyai, Zoltán Vámossy

Pages: 241-246

Abstract: RGBD cameras are increasingly used for mobile robot developments recently. Data of the sensor can be used for creating maps during the navigation and localization made on this. The robot system described in the article is able to create a map in an unknown environment during its navigation and localize its state on it parallel. The system was placed on a modified RC robot car. The process is able to evaluate movement of the vehicle in real time using data from the Kinect sensor placed on the robot and it continuously updates this map using new information. Pictures made by the camera during movement of the system are overlapped with each other. Evaluation of movement is based on join cohesive feature point pairs in each three dimensional point clouds. Definition of transformation between cohesive three dimensional feature points is based on an SVD algorithm. During a multistage iteration, the system minimizes the join fault and deletes point pairs detected wrong.

Title of the Paper: The Holonic Approach for Controlling Modern District Heating and Cooling Systems


Authors: Lubomir Vasek, Viliam Dolinay, Vladimir Vasek

Pages: 233-240

Abstract: This article presents the idea of distributed control methods for district heating and cooling system control. The modern concepts of distributed control are also represented by multi-agent and holonic systems that are also in this article described and compared. Up to date district heating systems integrate (are preparing to be able to integrate) many elements, such as small heat source for example in the form of renewable energy, storage tanks, surpluses form active buildings and many other. The concept of clustering of these disparate elements and their interconnection is referred as Smart Thermal Grid. This concept is analogous to the Smart Grid, which has been applied for many years in the production and distribution of electric power. Smart Thermal Grid concepts also cannot be isolated from existing concept, because heat and power production is often strongly interconnected. Effective use of all the elements forming such extensive system also requires new approaches in control. The central approach is already insufficient and the intention is to enforce already mentioned distributed concepts. This article will mainly focus on two distributed approaches - multiagent and holonic. These approaches are similar in many aspects, but still there are some differences and these will be discussed.

Title of the Paper: Cascaded Wavelength Converters Using Multiple Pumping Signals, Covering All-Optical (C-L) Bands and Achieving a Remarkable Bit-Error Rate


Authors: Mohamed I. Shehata, Osama A. Omer

Pages: 222-232

Abstract: The aim of this work is to demonstrate the efficiency of a cascaded wavelength conversion by four-wave mixing technique in a commercial traveling wave semiconductor optical amplifier. A scheme of multiple cascaded wavelength converters spanning of 400 km for single-mode fibers is suggested. The proposed scheme differs from the conventional schemes as utilizing cascaded two commercial TW-SOA for each wavelength converter stage rather than using only one SOA in addition to Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). This scheme overcomes the main problem appeared in the conventional schemes that suffer from the amplified spontaneous emission which considered as a noise that degrades optical signal to noise ratio of the converted signal. Based on the simulation results, bit-error-rate performance near 10-13 at 40 Gbit/s is achieved for five conversions up to 95 nm as a conversion range, covering C-L optical bands. A power penalty of 10.06 dB with a remarkable conversion efficiency of 98% (i.e. approximately free-error) is measured for overall system.

Title of the Paper: Development of Device CAP-10 to Perform Inprocess Testing of the Single-Core Wire Capacitance per Unit Length


Authors: Aleksander Goldstein, Galina Vavilova

Pages: 217-221

Abstract: The paper descries the design of the electrocapacitive measuring transducer used to implement electricalcapacitive method to perform in-process measuring the single-core electric wire capacitance per unit length during its manufacturing. The ECMT optimal design parameters were chosen based on computer simulation of the interaction of the ECMT electric field with the wire using COMSOL Multiphysics. The block diagram of the device CAP-10 developed for implementation of the proposed method is presented. Physical configuration of the CAP-10 is shown, and its operating principle is described. An algorithm for conversion of the ECMT measuring signal that implements the technique of offsetting from the impact of changes in water conductivity on the control results is proposed.

Title of the Paper: Persistent and Reliable Flash-Based Data Container for Embedded Systems


Authors: Michal Bližnák, Tomáš Dulík, Tomáš Jurena, Peter Janku

Pages: 211-216

Abstract: NOR-FLASH memories often available as an integral part of modern MCUs and SoC microprocessors can be used as an ideal storage container for persistent application data in embedded systems design. Unfortunately, a technological background of these memory chips avoids users from simple and efficient multiple writes into identical memory locations which is very common use case scenario when, for example, the application’s configuration is updated. This paper introduces simple and elegant solution including its reference software implementation which allow users to write configuration data structures into the FLASH RAM in highly efficient and reliable way. Discussed approach minimizes number of needed write and erase cycles and maximizes reliability of the overall write process.

Title of the Paper: Measurement of Driver’s Brain Activity within Truck Driving Simulator Laboratory


Authors: Mirko Novák, Josef Faber, Petr Bouchner, Stanislav Novotný, Alina Mashko

Pages: 205-210

Abstract: Individual human behavior makes a significant impact to the road and traffic safety. The necessity of minimizing the human factor influence is rather obvious. A detailed study of different aspects of human-machine interaction shall make it possible to determine reasons of faulty human behavior and develop methods for its prevention. Complex approach for problem solution is suggested. A truck simulator laboratory described in this article shall suggest wide range of possibilities for the relevant research. Observation of various aspects of faulty driver behavior using different methods, namely combination of brain activity observations (EEG) together with data obtained from readings of other tools such as ocular movements, heartbeat, mimics, muscular activity, gestures, driving behavior and vehicle behavior is to be run for data collection and its further analysis. A set of pilot experiments has been relevant research of both electroencephalographic (EEG) and near infra-red (NIRS) signals analysis of drivers, exposed to influence of various kinds of attention load on adaptive driving simulator is presented. The results are expected to be a basis for recommendation for further deeper and wide scale analyses of various load influences on driver brain.

Title of the Paper: The A-Maze-D Advanced Maze Development System for Fast Game Design and Implementation


Authors: Shruti Daggumati, Peter Z. Revesz, Corey Svehla

Pages: 195-204

Abstract: The medium of computer and video games are being studied profusely in a wide array of research. Constraint databases and video games have been around for a long time, but they have never been combined together before. In this paper, we describe the A-Maze-D system, which shows that constraint databases can be applied conveniently and efficiently to the design of maze games. A-Maze-D provides a versatile set of features by the combination of MATLAB scripts and the MLPQ constraint database system. A-Maze-D enables an efficient implementation of many complex features existing in games such as collision and hindering vision. A-Maze-D is the first system that uses constraint databases to build maze games and opens new ideas in video game development.

Title of the Paper: GPGPU Accelerated Large Scale 3D Object Reconstruction Application for Fixed and Rotary Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles


Authors: András Molnár, Dániel Stojcsics

Pages: 189-194

Abstract: GPGPU (general-purpose computing on graphics processing unit) cards compared to a standard CPU (central processor unit) has many times more cores. The advantage of this technology is the possibility of using multiple GPGPU cards in a single PC making the parallelization opportunity to a next level. Large scale 3D object reconstructions usually made by human piloted airplanes with massive sensor arrays (high resolution RGB camera or camera array, LiDAR or laser scanner). With the advance of small size fixed or rotary wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and a relatively cheap camera this procedure can be made with much less effort. No need for using public airports, airspace and human piloted expensive aircrafts. UAV operator can make the measurements within a few hundred meters from the desired object. Using GPGPU accelerated photogrammetry methods large scale 3D object reconstruction can be made from zero to 3cm/pixel resolution 3D reconstructed and textured object within hours. The paper presents the procedure step by step, showing the technology critical parts of the method.

Title of the Paper: Interactive Driving Simulators – History, Design and their Utilization in Area of HMI Research


Authors: Petr Bouchner

Pages: 179-188

Abstract: The paper brings a comprehensive view on the topic of interactive driving simulators. Starting with history of interactive simulation it covers the problems of different simulation technologies and the simulator of various vehicles used for research tasks and training purposes. The further text is focused mainly on driving simulators construction and their use. In the next part there is described in detail an architecture of driving simulators and recently used technologies (including those, which were developed within our laboratories). This is illustrated on examples of the simulator systems developed and used within the research work of our institute and laboratories - Institute of Vehicles, Driving Simulation Research Group and Laboratory of Systems Reliability at the Faculty of Transportation Sciences of Czech Technical University in Prague.

Title of the Paper: An Application of Kano Method in the Elicitation of Stakeholder Satisfying Requirements for an e-Ebola Awareness System


Authors: Azham Hussain, Emmanuel O. C. Mkpojiogu

Pages: 169-178

Abstract: Several software requirements elicitation techniques exist and are used in the elicitation of software requirements. However, most of the techniques are limited in that they are only effective in capturing the voice of the customer/user. They are not effective in capturing their mind. There are some kinds of requirements that stakeholders take for granted, not expecting or are not apt to voice out. Such requirements need special requirements elicitation approaches that will probe the psychology of the respondents so as to succinctly collect the needed requirements from them were necessary. Kano model provides a framework that enables the elicitation of these kinds of requirements. More so, it allows appropriate requirements to be elicited that will lead to the satisfaction of stakeholders if the requirements are met or to their dissatisfaction if they are unmet. It categorizes software requirements based on some quality attributes that describes the kind of requirements elicited. The Kano approach also, helps to obtain the perceived quality of the proposed product from the customer/users’ point of view. This method helps to filter out requirements that do not lead to the satisfaction of stakeholders and thus the quality of elicited requirements and the proposed software solution. Kano method, though popular in the interdisciplinary field of quality management, is seldom applied in the field of software engineering, especially in requirements elicitation. In this study, the Kano method was applied in the elicitation of requirements for a proposed e-Ebola Awareness System. The result of the Kano analysis indicated that the elicitation of stakeholders’ satisfying requirements leads to increase in the satisfaction level of potential users/customers of the would-be product. It also indicated improvement in the perceived quality of such product from the viewpoint of the potential users/customers as shown from the customer satisfaction coefficients and the self-stated importance ratings.

Title of the Paper: Robotic Autonomous Outdoor Gamma Radiation Monitoring and Mapping


Authors: Tomas Jilek, Ludek Zalud, Petra Kocmanova

Pages: 162-168

Abstract: The paper deals with fully autonomous gamma radiation measurement in light outdoor terrain with use of advanced robotic system. Gamma-radiation distribution field experiments made for SURO v.v.i. Czech governmental protection institution are described in the paper. The experiment setup as well as Orpheus-X4 robotic system used in the experiments are described. Algorithms to autonomously navigate the robot in predefined area based on high-precision GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) are presented. Examples of radiation maps acquired in secured area during experiments with high-precision position measurement are presented and compared to the data from standard-precision GPS.

Title of the Paper: Rising from Ruins: from Derelict Spaces to Sustainable Landscapes – the Portuguese Case


Authors: Luís Loures, Frederico Meireles, Laura Costa, Ana Loures

Pages: 156-161

Abstract: The legacy of derelict, obsolete, and often abandoned post-industrial structures and sites we face today in our landscapes is, arguably the result of human current and former uses of land. One way or another, the present situation, enabled by technological innovation and structural economic change, is founded in human (ab)use of limited and valuable resource, and on his increasing ability to affect large landscapes. Though it is widely recognized that the reclamation of post-industrial landscapes constitutes an important strategy towards city development, it is normally acknowledged that redevelopment projects are generally associated to multidimensional objectives based somehow on a twist of sociocultural, economic and environmental issues. By assessing a set of 18 redevelopment proposals/projects where it is possible to identify the relevance of each of them to the different sustainability dimensions and therefore to urban development, this paper aims to point out the relevance of these projects to achieve sustainable urban environments considering the aforementioned levels. The analyses of the case studies presented in this article enabled us to conclude that even if post-industrial landscapes are commonly experienced negatively, as fragmented and incoherent because it is difficult to conceive a legible whole, the redevelopment of post-industrial facilities may enable a sense of spatial enlargement, with high degree of complexity and with diverse ecological and social benefits, contributing to local redevelopment, reason why they should be viewed as a resource and its recovery as an opportunity.

Title of the Paper: Multispectral Data-Fusion and Mapping for Reconnaissance Robotics


Authors: Petra Kocmanova, Ludek Zalud, Frantisek Burian

Pages: 145-155

Abstract: The paper deals with calibration of multispectral vision systems, evaluation of the calibration and data-fusion quality in both laboratory and real-world conditions and appropriate use of these techniques for multispectral measurement in telepresence and digital 3D mapping. Two objects for multispectral calibration and fusion evaluation are described. The objects were used by our team for calibration and evaluation of advanced visual system of Orpheus-X4 robot that is taken as a demonstrator, but their use is much wider and we suggest to use them as testbed for visual and optical measurement systems of mobile robots. The multispectral fusion is used for two main purposes – real-time display to operator, e.g. through visual telepresence, or for autonomous building of spatial maps of the robot’s environment. Several aspects regarding proper use of the technique for telepresence are described. Mapping system developed by our team working with multiple robots with different features is described. Several evaluation experiments related to the fusion/calibration and mapping were done and are presented in the paper. We provide the calibration software as publicly available, including source code. Our team also provides testing data for both the calibration/evaluation and mapping.

Title of the Paper: An approach in the classification of automation levels for multi-cargo ports.


Authors: Aureo Emanuel Pasqualeto Figueiredo, Sérgio Hoeflich, Leticia Figueiredo, Ricardo De Deus Carvalhal, Sergio Luiz Pereira, Eduardo Mario Dias

Pages: 137-144

Abstract: The current trend of cargo handling in ports is to use increasingly specialized terminals that allow systematizing processes by applying massive automation devices. The state-of-the-art in port automation is largely automated terminals where human presence in the yard is restricted to overseeing the processes. However, considering the existence of century-old port activity, there are important installed ports that handle different types of cargo, mainly grouped as CT-Container, DB- Dry Bulk, GC-General Cargo, LB-Liquid Bulk, using different standards of operation and safety protocols that require new practices using of specific mechanization and automation. This article looks at general aspects of automation and its use in ports. It proposes a classification to the level of automation considering the participation of handwork, lifting and transportation equipment and automation devices.

Title of the Paper: Expert System Design for Fault Diagnosis in Diesel Engines


Authors: Ileana Concho, Mary Vergara, Francklin Rivas-Echeverría, Fernando Chica, Nestor Rivera

Pages: 127-136

Abstract: In this work it’s presented the design and development of a Diagnosis Expert System for Hyundai Diesel Engines CRDi 2.0, that has been created based on the expertise handle by two experts that can give an accurate fault diagnosis for this kind of engine, considering the causes and can give the appropriate actions to be taken. This system is feed with data obtained by Condition Based Maintenance techniques, which allows incorporating a failure isolation and identification procedure based on the data. The Expert System is developed using HTML code, and a Hyundai Diesel Engines CRDi 2.0 database is created including relevant information concerning: engine specifications, operating values, faults, causes and recommended procedures for each situation. Finally, the structure of the developed system is presented, considering that it uses Condition Based Maintenance data and is embedded in a Computerized Maintenance Management System.

Title of the Paper: The Use of Both Regression Tree and Mixed ANOVA Techniques in the Interpretation of Repeated Speed Measures Belonging to an-on Road Experiment


Authors: Pasquale Colonna, Paolo Intini, Nicola Berloco, Filomena Mauriello, Antonio Perruccio, Vittorio Ranieri

Pages: 117-126

Abstract: A data set composed by repeated speed measurements belonging to an on-road experiment was inquired into this study by using the regression tree and the ANOVA mixed model techniques. The on-road experiment consisted in the repetition of a driving test six times in six different days for a sample of 20 drivers on a rural road in the province of Bari, Italy. In order to explain the changes in the response variable speed, the drivers’ behavioral differences, the road geometry (in terms of sight distance) and the time (in terms of the six days of testing) were used as variables. All the three chosen variables are responsible for improvements in the tree growing and they have significant effects on speed according to the mixed one-way ANOVA. Some considerations about the results of the two analyses were given in this paper, together with an analysis of the interactions between the variables based on them. In more detail, some interesting differences between the behavior of aggressive drivers and the behavior of prudent drivers were highlighted.

Title of the Paper: Everyware Everywhere: Overview of the Social Implications of Embedded Systems, Internet and Mobile Technologies


Authors: Nikola Vlahovic, Jovana Zoroja, Vesna Bosilj Vuksic

Pages: 106-116

Abstract: Embedded systems are widely implemented in every aspect of contemporary societies. The scale of usage of embedded systems in everyday lives is so high that people have become so accustomed to the conveniences they provide that they become unaware of their existence. Nevertheless, business processes and procedures, interaction with government institutions and public administration as well as social contacts have dramatically changed due to the implementation of embedded systems. The goal of the paper is to present changes in contemporary societies that are influenced by the intense use of embedded systems. Current trends in mobile computing and RFID technologies are two main driving forces of embedded systems that will be considered in this paper, as well as the development of web semantics and intelligent agents that characterize the era of Web 2.0 and upcoming era of Web 3.0. The paper will try to analyze and discuss possible interactions and amalgamation of these embedded systems as well as possibilities they may bring in the digital or e-societies in future decades. A survey will be presented in order to determine user perception of these technologies and estimate potential users interest in the adoption of future services that will become available in the next decade.

Title of the Paper: Combining Independence and Cooperation as One Anarchic-Style Learning Method


Authors: Costin A. Boiangiu, Adrian C. Firculescu, Nicolae Cretu

Pages: 97-105

Abstract: The engineering education is facing a demand for a change in the current teaching approach that would satisfy the needs of employers and face the constantly changing professional requirements. The current paper aims to analyze two common teaching approaches that are frequently used among learning academics, the collaborative and the independent teaching approaches and compare the results with other learning techniques that were addressed in previous academic years of teaching the Software Project Management course at the "Politehnica" University of Bucharest for students in their senior year of studying Computer Science and Engineering. Considering the results gathered from the experience with the two aforementioned approaches, we developed a "mixed" learning method, combining elements from both forenamed learning techniques as one anarchic-style teaching method, which is also described.

Title of the Paper: Proposal of a New Method to Analyze the Road Safety Conditions Related to Friction


Authors: P. Colonna, A. Perruccio, N. Berloco, P. Intini, V. Ranieri

Pages: 87-96

Abstract: This paper represents a new method to analyze the problem of friction of road vehicles. Starting from the 3rd criterion of Lamm, the new concept of “Friction Capital” was introduced as the limit performance of the road in terms of friction. The method has been implemented in a software package called Design Skid Resistance (DSR), which reliability is tested providing the reconstruction of eight real skidding accidents. The output of the DSR is the Friction Diagram that represents the percentage of “Friction Capital” that a vehicle is using traveling on a given road. This percentage is defined as FUSED. During the design step, the Friction Diagram could be used in order to quantify the risk of skidding related to a given road layout. In this paper, the authors provide an example of DSR application to an Italian rural road, and investigate the influence of the vehicle type on the Friction Diagram, since it was observed that the type of vehicle used in analyzing a road segment makes the values of FUSED change when the boundary conditions and the road geometry change.

Title of the Paper: Application of a NaI(TI) Scintillation Detector in a Portable Gamma-Ray Tomography Instrumentation for Pipeline Profiling to Detect CUI


Authors: Yvette Shaan-Li Susiapan, Ruzairi Abd. Rahim, Rasif Mohd. Zain

Pages: 79-86

Abstract: This paper details a stability test performed on a NaI(TI) scintillation detector to determine its most suitable operating voltage range prior to using it in a portable gamma-ray tomography instrumentation for pipeline profiling. The hardware design for the portable gamma-ray tomography instrumentation, implementation of measurement electronics as well as the software to receive the intensity counts, convert and display a line image that corresponds correctly to the pipe condition of the pipe being scanned is also described. Some test results are included.

Title of the Paper: Designing an Applying Cloud Intelligent Curriculum for Healthcare Administration


Authors: Miao-Kuei Ho, Hung-Jen Yang, Hsieh-Hua Yang

Pages: 70-78

Abstract: The presence of technology in work settings has enriched and expanded some workers' responsibilities. Since less time is needed to compile and manage large quantities of data, more time is available for creative, higher level work that depends on the quick availability and easy manipulation of information. Although workers in the fields of health care, administration, manufacturing, and electronics are all expected to exhibit industry-specific competencies, they must also master a similar set of technology-related competencies. The purpose of this study was to identify those core components of cloud intelligent in healthcare administration. Based on penal review, a curriculum for healthcare administration with cloud intelligent competency emphasized learning were designed and presented. The could intelligence is working as a integrating role to prepare student with contents of Health, Care, and Medical Treatment.

Title of the Paper: Study of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Generation as Project of Power Plant in West Sumatera-Indonesia


Authors: A. Fanny Octaviani, B. Muswar Muslim, C. Danny Faturachman, D. Ayom Buwono

Pages: 65-69

Abstract: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) is a field of science that is still less developed in the area of renewable energy sources for electricity utilization. Yet the potential of the OTEC is very large, especially in countries whose land is crossed by the equator. This study focuses on one part of the region of Indonesia which has the potential OTEC that is large enough in the area of West Sumatera. There are several points West Sumatera region that has the potential for the development of electric power installation on the utilization of seawater temperature difference waterwheel region of western Sumatera, especially the West Sumatera. From depth size coastline is very adequate for the OTEC plant was built.

Title of the Paper: Levels of Similarity in User Profiles Based Cluster Techniques and Multidimensional Scaling


Authors: Gustavo Rodríguez Bárcenas, Alex Cevallos Culqui, Jorge Rubio Peñaherrera, Segundo Corrales Beltrán, Enrique Torres Tamayo

Pages: 56-64

Abstract: User profiles collected a set of distinctive features that characterize it, each user has their own interests and needs, according to their cognitive development, their experience of life, which makes them unique, user profiles can be derived uncountable studies, research principles and methods are used to build user profiles and taking into consideration the basic lexical semantics contained in these profiles could be identified levels of similarity and compatibility between users. It applies to a specific case study in a research center, it was proved that the vector space model, cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling are methods that can be integrated ICT with the aim of obtaining the perceptual relations different users of the system and the identification of Collective Knowledge Communities.

Title of the Paper: The Perceived Impacts of Transnational Highway Development: A Case Study of R3A Highway in Phayao Province, Thailand


Authors: Pattaravis Yoowattana, Hathaipun Soonthornpipit

Pages: 48-55

Abstract: Transnational highways have increasingly complemented trade agreements as instruments of economic integration. Drawing on theoretical background of social exchange theory, social disruptive theory, and social carrying capacity theory, several previous studies assumed that highways usually induce social, environmental, and political changes and play an important role in economic development. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the residents’ perceived impacts toward R3A Highway development in Phayao province, Thailand. 400 questionnaires from randomly selected residents from Phu Sang, Chiang Kham, Chun, and Dok Khamtai districts were analyzed. A confirmatory factor analysis and regression analyses were conducted. The result revealed that the majority of residents are supportive of transnational highway development. Economic and environmental impacts were strong predictors for support for R3A Highway development, while social impacts were found insignificant and political impacts had a negative influence on the highway project.

Title of the Paper: An Investigation of Long Stay International Retirement in Pattaya, Thailand


Authors: Anyapak Prapannetivuth

Pages: 42-47

Abstract: This research aims to investigate international retirees’ choice of Pattaya, as a long stay retirement destination. Thailand has become one of the top destination choices, not only for vacationing or working but also as a retirement option for elderly Western retirees. The research was conducted in Pattaya, Chonburi Province. The target respondents were foreigners holding long stay retirement visas residing in Pattaya. A well-structured questionnaire was distributed to 227 respondents over a period of 2 weeks in the month February 2014. The findings revealed that respondents have no desire to make a living or to earn income, but come to pursue their own personal interests. They have regular income from their past savings or other sources of funds from their home country. Their main reasons for migrating to Pattaya were to enjoy their retirement as people, who admire peace, cleanliness and easy going on Thai lifestyle. The findings established that location, cost of living and medical back up had significant positive relationships with the choice of Pattaya as a long stay retirement destination. Some recommendations based on the findings were made.

Title of the Paper: A Guideline of Development in Management of University in The North of Thailand in order to Promote the Cultural Tourism Case Study : Lumpang Rajabhat University


Authors: Weera Weerasophon

Pages: 35-41

Abstract: This research aims to study and survey a potential in the areas affecting development and study of management factors affecting cultural tourism for Lunpang Rajabhat University in a model of a qualitative research as a survey research. The sample population is executives and faculty members, including persons related to university management of Lumpang Rajabhat University, total: 5 persons. The tools of research is used in the research as in depth interview which, the researcher distributed in-depth interview form. The obtained data was brought to conduct content analysis by brainstorming from expert academician, as well as, persons related to university management of Rajabhat University in order to consider readiness in cultural tourism management for Rajabhat University, analyze and develop to be a guideline for development of Rajabhat University for promoting cultural tourism. From the study results, it is found that the factors of readiness in management, planning, organizing, personnel management, leadership and guiding, coordination, controlling, budgeting and marketing could influence to be a guideline for development of Lumpang Rajabhat Universiy in order to promote cultural tourism; therefore, the University should prepare more plans concerning related matters, as well as, development, determining form and policy of Rajabhat University.

Title of the Paper: Comments Role of the Guide Thailand Travel Guide for Tourists to Raise Awareness and Consciousness


Authors: Chantouch Wannathanom

Pages: 31-34

Abstract: The study Comments and role of the guide Thailand travel guide for tourists to raise awareness and consciousness. The Objective the poll of Thailand about the tour guides have a conscience. The main contributors to this research are highly professional guides who perform tours in tourist areas in Bangkok. This research is qualitative research. The instrument used for this research is open-ended interview questions. The study found that Guide Thailand awareness and the importance of tourism as a conscious desire to tour each time. To contribute to a better understanding between the guides. tourists tourist attraction The local residents In most. Because professional guides as cultural ambassadors. And a career that rely on tourism. traveler And communities in line of duty. And guided tours to raise awareness among tourists tourism consciousness. 1. Normally , Thai Guides should convey conservation awareness while they work. They need to take care of the clean environment of the tourism destination. They have to conserve the historic building site to the next generation by informing the tourists respect the tourism destination’s rules and concerning public purpose and public use. The great guide must describe the history and background of tourism destination. 2. Thai guides could generate participated activities to the tourists. They can give a chance the tourist to touch and join the real thing that the local people do. Therefore, the tourists can learn more local way of life of Thai community through participating creative activity.

Title of the Paper: Cross-Country Comparisons of Student Stress Source


Authors: Horng-Jinh Chang, Whe-Min Wang

Pages: 25-30

Abstract: This study investigated level and sources of stress among university students in the districts of Taiwan, NZ, and USA. The study was a cross sectional survey and the population comprised convenient samples. A questionnaire was designed by the researchers and validated through expert judgment. The data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and ANOVA for the research questions. The results indicated extracted factors are different in three countries, the degree of attention according to communication with teacher, teachers’ feature, academic feature, anxiety, employment and social context. Students feel depressed when they confront with stress and that will deter their learning. In the research we traced the source of stress and made comparison among three countries, finding out possible solution and giving some suggestions for the future application.

Title of the Paper: The Study of the Amounts of Heavy Metals in Green Teas Determine by Using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer


Authors: Chinnawat Satsananan

Pages: 20-24

Abstract: The amount of heavy metals in green tea has been of great concern because of their toxic when their concentration is more than the permissible level. These metals enter in the environment by different ways such as traffic, Human behavior, industrial activities, soil pollution. We have used flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer technique to determination of the concentration of Co, Cd, Cu and Pb in different type of five samples in water and powder of green teas. The concentrations of Co, Cd, Cu and Pb in all examined green teas were less than the reported literature values (WHO). The results mentioned that the green teas obtained in water and powder were safety to consumption and make the quality of life of people in community look better.

Title of the Paper: The Study of Factors Affecting the Development Community Using the Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy : A Case Study of Banbangkrasan Community Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province


Authors: Wasana Suridechakul

Pages: 14-19

Abstract: This study aimed to identify factors affecting the development of community, understanding and introducing the concept of sufficiency economy to the life of Banbangkrasan community Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province. The study researchers recruited a sample of five samples. The study will identify the best example of that is the objective of the research. The data were analyzed using Content Analysis is a technique that aims to interpret the true meaning of who was interviewed by the media requirements of such research is key. The results of the interviews were analyzed and depict. The synthesis of information from the interviews, questions can be summarized as the factors affecting economic in Banbangkrasan community Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province. Income is a factor affecting economic used the most, followed by education and age, respectively. The gender and marital status were a result, the concept of sufficiency economy to a minimum.

Title of the Paper: The Design of the English Materials to Communicate the Identity of Cultural Art: Thai Desserts Amphawa Floating Market for Tourism


Authors: Kitda Praraththajariya

Pages: 5-13

Abstract: The main purpose of this research was to study how to communicate the identity of Amphawa Floating Market for tourism. The qualitative data was collected through studying related materials, exploring the area, in-depth interviews with three groups of people: three directly responsible officers who were five key informants of the district, twenty foreign tourists and five Thai tourist guides. A content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative data. The two main findings of the study were as follows: 1. The identity of Amphawa Floating Market is located at Amphawa district in Samut Songkram province. This establishment was near the Mouth of Maeklong River for normal people and tourists. It consists of accommodations, homestays, vendors on the boats and shop houses. There are shop houses and vendors on the boats where food and drinks are served on the bank of Amphawa canal or at shop houses Amphawa Floating Market is an evening market that is opened on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays during 12.00 – 21.00 p.m. It is an interesting floating market by the canal near Wat Amphawan Chetiyaram. 2. The communication of the identity of Amphawa Floating Market which the researcher could find and design to present in the English materials can be summed up in 2 items: 1) The Learning source of tourism: Amphawa Floating market for tourism. 2) Thai desserts

Title of the Paper: The Study of Ground of Divorce Under the Civil and Commercial Code that Affects Quality of Life


Authors: Kamonwan Yoowattana

Pages: 1-4

Abstract: Marriage is legal and acceptable way to create family and lead to the legal status of man and woman referring to husband and wife. Some regards family as vital fundamental background which partly influences human behavior in either good or bad toward society. Consequently, when problems arise in family, it affects society as well. Divorce, therefore, is the final method to end problems (relationship) if there is no other way to compromise. In some countries, divorce is not an available choice due to religion restriction. In Thailand, however, divorces can be categorized in 2 cases which are divorce by mutual consent and divorce by judgment of the Court. The latter case refers to the case that either husband or wife do not agree to the divorce or cannot live together as a couple. Based on Thai law, husband or wife can exercise his/her right to divorce according to section 1516 (ground of divorce). This research aimed to indicated conditions and objectives relating to ground of divorces due to willfully separation either by husband or wife over 1 year according to section 1516 Thai Civil and Commercial Code. If the fact appears that husband and wife agree not to cohabit as husband and wife by ending their sexual relationship but still live together in the same area though in different household, by law, this show no intention of separation. Such action does not consider as a separation divorce ground. Moreover, the fact that period of separation hold only one year is unreasonable and does not suit present situation. Researcher, thus, intend to conduct this research in order to study cause of action regarding separation divorce ground and period of separation leading to justified law enforcement.