International Journal of Education and Information Technologies

ISSN: 2074-1316
Volume 14, 2020

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of NAUN Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

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Volume 14, 2020

Title of the Paper: A novel Based-Approach Composed of Clustering Algorithm & Cosine Similarity for Products Recommendation


Authors: Mohammed Abdullah Al-Hagery

Pages: 133-141




Abstract: There are huge tons of transactions being accomplished online every day. This implies that e-commerce is facing the problem of data and information overloads. While customers are shopping via websites, they spend a lot of time to search for the required products based on their needs. This problem can easily be alleviated by having an accurate recommendation system based on a strong algorithm and confident measures in this regard. There are two main techniques for products recommendation; content-based filtering and collaborative filtering. If one of these two techniques implemented on the e-commerce system, a lot of limitations and weak points will appear. This paper aims at generating an optimal list of product, which, in turn, generates an accurate and reliable list of items. The new approach is composed of three components; clustering algorithm, user-based collaborative filtering, and the Cosine similarity measure. This approach implemented using a real dataset of past experienced users. The accuracy of the search results is a matter to users, it recommends the most appropriate products to users of the e-commerce website. This approach shows trustworthy results and achieved a high level of accuracy for recommending products to users.

Title of the Paper: Machine Learning and Data mining on the innovation of E-sports industry


Authors: Yiqing Chen, Jie Mei, Steward Huang

Pages: 121-132




Abstract: AI technology brings many revolutionary innovation opportunities to the e-sports industry. With the help of data mining, we can analyze the advantages and disadvantages of competitors, and predict the trend of the situation in the future. With the help of the agent created by intensive in-depth learning, it can assist players of different levels to carry out routine training, so as to improve the overall activity of the game. With the help of AI's big data advantage, AI can assist E-sports teaching to regard E-sports specialty as an experimental platform for using cutting-edge technology to reform and innovate traditional education and provide forward-looking guidance for future education. This paper uses CNN, LSTM, and LSTM + CNN three model to predict the outcome of the game according to the heroes selected by both teams, and has achieved good prediction results.

Title of the Paper: An Interactive Adaptable Learning Interface for E-Learning Sessions


Authors: Elena Odarushchenko, Valentina Butenko, Viktor Smolyar, Vyacheslav Kharchenko

Pages: 115-120




Abstract: Introduction of augmented reality into the E-learning systems brings a new era in personal remote education. While E-learning brings a lot of benefits for both instructor and student it also has various difficulties, such as absence of vital personal interaction that can influence on student motivation and inspiration. To decrease this gap we have started the development of an Interactive Adaptable Learning Interface (IALI) that with the help of speech synthesizers, emotions and voice recognition systems tries to adapt the ongoing E-learning session to the student behavior, simulating the way instructor adapt the lesson to the student reactions. As the IALI is initially planned for Ukrainian language students, we have made a deep analysis of nowadays applicable solutions for Ukrainian speech synthesis and recognition. In this paper we present the conducted analysis and application of the most widely applied speech synthesizers, voice and emotions recognition systems that were used to develop first version of IALI.

Title of the Paper: Risks Inherent in Inaccurate or Inadvertent Use of Social Networks in Greece


Authors: Eleni Stratigopoulou, Klimis Ntalianis, Vasiliki Kikili, Filotheos Ntalianis

Pages: 108-114


Abstract: Social Networking Websites are not only the most widely used tools to facilitate communication in today's digital age, but they are also one of the biggest sources of Big Data. There are of course many benefits of data applications, for both ordinary users and professionals alike, but also there are many risks, that users of Social Networking Sites can face. As users' interest in using Social Networking Websites grows, so does their concern about the risks they pose. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the risks posed by the use of Social Networking Websites to adult users in Greece and examine the behaviors of users that may lead to risk exposure, (behaviors such as Risk Taking, Privacy Behavior, Trust in SNS companies, Privacy Concern, Perceived Control of Information, Information Identity Disclosure will be examined).It will also examine the correlation of user behaviors and exposure to risk and socio-demographic data of users. The results of the present study show that exposure to Risk in SNS is related to gender and also “Privacy Behavior” and “Information Identity Disclosure” are related to Age and Educational Level.

Title of the Paper: Teaching at a Medical University and Modernization of the Higher Education System


Authors: Vladimir I. Torshin, Dmitriy S. Sveshnikov, Elena B. Yakunina, Zarina V. Bakaeva, Yuri P. Starshinov, Olga V. Mankaeva, Tatiana V. Kivlenok, Mariam R. Arpentieva

Pages: 97-107


Abstract: The relevance of the research is determined by changes in the forms and content of education in the field of training medical workers, including in the context of the accreditation procedures for medical universities and colleges, as well as the accreditation of graduates themselves. The article focuses on the issues of improving the quality of teaching in a medical school of courses responsible for the educational and professional results of students. The aim of the study is to comprehend the structure and content, didactic means of organizing the training of future doctors and nurses. The theoretical basis for the study of this problem is the activity approach, which makes it possible to compare and study the processual and substantive aspects of the pedagogical activity of a teacher of a medical university or college in the context of the educational results of its graduates. The article reflects the problems of training and education of medical workers, describes different types of teacher activities. These types of activities are integrated into the whole process of teaching the discipline, focused on improving the educational and professional results of students. It is especially necessary the development on the basis of the system-activity approach and the widespread introduction of new methodological approaches and the educational, methodological and other manuals that provide them, ensuring the harmony of the processes of interiorization and externalization of the knowledge, skills, value orientations necessary for a person as a professional, partner and personality.

Title of the Paper: Study Load at the Beginning of Studies at Military University and Coping Strategies


Authors: Jolana Fedorková, Ivana Nekvapilová, Zdeněk Mikulka

Pages: 83-96


Abstract: Socio-psychological research on the study load and ways of coping with it is provided to university management by a number of valuable information for improving the educational process and expanding counselling services for students. The aim of the article is to supplement the general knowledge of the structure of the study load and ways of managing it in a specific area of study such as the study of a military university. The article informs about the results of a pilot research carried out on a sample of 254 first-year students of economic-managerial and technical specialization of military studies. The main goal of this research was primarily to verify whether the biggest burden is still the greatest burden on students and military management. Military students differ significantly in their preferred workload management strategies from their civilian counterparts. Data were collected using the usual method for this type of research – the method of questioning, which was implemented through two questionnaires: Questionnaire of stressful situations and standardized questionnaire Stress Management Strategy – SVF 78. The first questionnaire was created for this research based on analogy of available questionnaire from a school environment for research in the civilian environment of lower education levels. The results were processed using the program STATISTICS CZ 12, evaluated using relevant statistical methods (Anova, Mann-Whitney test). Based on the results, the validity of the general assumption could not be proved, as the greatest burden of probands saw in the organizational provision only parts of military education, for which the specific organizational unit of the school is responsible. Positive findings include a preference for positive strategies for managing the military study load over negative ones, in which military students agree with civilian students. For military students, compared to the assumptions, statistically significant differences in the use of some strategies depending on gender were demonstrated; differences depending on the field of study could not be demonstrated. Despite the local validity of specific results, the text can be beneficial for a wider academic environment both in the field of methodology and knowledge

Title of the Paper: Movies as an Aid to Teach Principles of Cybersecurity and Cybercrime in Higher Education


Authors: Antonios Andreatos

Pages: 76-82


Abstract: A pilot effort to raise students’awareness on the human factors of cybersecurityand cybercrime is presented. One day, instead oflectures, a commercial film was projected. Thestudents were able to identify most of the cyberattacksrelated to the technical backgroundgiven in the course, while they missed some of thefrauds committed by the actors, related to thepsycho-social and legal dimensions, which werenot covered in the syllabus. The students hadthe opportunity to acquire some insight aboutthe latter while enjoying the movie. The wholeexperiment was evaluated positively. Thus, it becameclear to the students that cybersecurity hasalso a psycho-social dimension which should notbe underestimated.

Title of the Paper: Analysis of 2017 Risk Communication on Human Monkey Pox Outbreak in Nigeria’s News Media


Authors: Charity Ben-Enukora, Olusola Oyero, Nelson Okorie, Oscar O. Odiboh, Babatunde K. Adeyeye

Pages: 69-75


Abstract: This study quantitatively analyzes the risk communication contents of the human Monkey pox epidemic in 2017 as reported in selected Nigeria’s national newspapers (The Guardian, Punch, This day and Vanguard). Framing theory and Issue-attention cycle model formed the theoretical foundation of the study. Data for this study was obtained through the census method. Thus, all the daily editions of the selected newspapers within the study period were searched and reports on the monkey pox epidemic found were content-analyzed. Findings indicate that monkey pox reports were placed in less prominent positions as straight news within the selected tabloids. Tension and controversy were key reportorial approaches to monkey pox happenstances nationwide. Reports on precautionary measures against the spread of the monkey pox virus were few. However, delayed and lethargic reports of the monkey pox epidemic were found in all the selected tabloids. This study contributes to empirical evidence on the delay in communicating health risk and the unsatisfactory reportage of infectious diseases outbreaks in Nigeria, contrary to global concerns of promoting good health and wellbeing for all. Therefore, as zoonotic diseases such as monkey pox continue to re-emerge all-around the globe, the study recommends that the news media should prioritize infectious diseases prevention as part of their risk communication advocacy to reduce vector interactions with human and nonstop daily updates during public health emergencies through the news media to increase trust in public health officials and the response efficiency.

Title of the Paper: On Stability of Bases Made from Perturbed Exponential Systems in Morrey Type Spaces


Authors: Fatima Guliyeva

Pages: 62-68


Abstract: Abstract—Perturbed exponential system {eiλkχ}keZ (where {λn} is some sequence of real numbers) isconsidered in Morrey spaces Lp,α (0, π) These spaces arenon-separable (except for exceptional cases), and thereforethe above system is not complete in them. Based on theshift operator, we define the subspace M^p,a (0, π)C Lp,α (0, π) where continuous functions aredense. We find a condition on the sequence {λn} which issufficient for the above system to form a basis for thesubspace Mp,a (0, π). Our results are the analogues ofthose obtained earlier for the Lebesgue spaces Lp. Wealso establish an analogue of classical Levinson theorem onthe completeness of above system in the spaces Lp,1 <= p <=+∞

Title of the Paper: Blockchain, IoT and Fog Computing for Smart Education Management


Authors: Sakchai Chaiyarak, Alongkorn Koednet, Prachyanun Nilsook

Pages: 52-61


Abstract: The objective of this research is to present the use of blockchain technology, the internet of things and fog computing to develop the potential of school management for smart education. By using the blockchain to record and store various pieces of information the organization will create credibility of administrative data in all departments and will reduce corruption. Data can be examined transparently, especially the financial and budget management and procurement of durable articles. Regarding the academic work and registration, it can be used to store learners' information, educational history, information of enrollment, academic results, and participation in the various activities of the educational institutions. It can create credibility in the management of information about content, learning and ability assessment results that students receive, and these can be recorded and stored in a blockchain that can be safely distributed. In addition, IoT and fog computing are integrated with AI systems embedded in various modern devices to be applied in environmental management and smart education management. IoT and fog computing help to support and respond quickly to questions about the use of all types of equipment for real-time management of executives, personnel and students, as well as creating new work and learning styles that can solve the situation of dangerous communicable diseases, such as the COVID-19 situation, or can solve emergency situations that will emerge in the future by working and studying from home. It can organize and share resources for work and learning together to access the organization from outside anywhere and at any time.

Title of the Paper: Use of Information Sources and Knowledge of Child Sexual Abuse in Ogun State, Nigeria


Authors: Funke Omole, Rotimi Olatunji, Olusola Oyero, Nelson Okorie, Evaristus Adesina

Pages: 45-51

Abstract: Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) constitutes a severe threat to the social well-being of not only children but extends to their families, societies. In response to the global challenge of reducing the growing effect of CSA, this study investigated the use of information sources on child sexual abuse in Ogun State. The study further tested two hypothesis to find out if communication channels for child sexual abuse education has no significant influence on the knowledge of the residents of Ogun State as well as Communication channels for child sexual abuse has no significant influence on the perception of residents of Ogun State. The study revealed that residents of Ogun state Nigeria depended on the internet as an information source for child sexual abuse. In addition, it was revealed that communication channels for child sexual abuse has significant influence on the knowledge and perception of the residents of Ogun State. Consequent upon these findings, the study recommends an urgent development of advocacy messages against CSA in form of edutainment, drama, songs that will fit the new media platform

Title of the Paper: An Exploratory Study on The Use of 3d Hologram Visualization in Egypt's Educational Theater


Authors: Hisham Saad Zaghloul

Pages: 31-44


Abstract: This research paper is an exploratory study on the uses of hologram technology in educational theaters in Egyptian schools. Considering theater as one of the instructional methods adopted by the Egyptian Ministry of Education in the school curricula, and as an accredited school activity within a group of other educational activities. The introduction provides an overview of holographic technology and predicts its future in student learning. It further outlines educational activities that have become heavily dependent on technology in training and application, with the simplistic definition of 3D technology and 3D imaging explained. The literature review presents publications in hologram technology and related publications, explaining the different concepts of holographic, virtual, and augmented reality. The applicability of these concepts is elucidated, especially in theater activity as an educational tool in schools and educational institutions. Besides, the research focuses on the educational theater in Egypt, and the use of technology as a supportive means of achieving the goals of educational activities that may apply to exceptional capabilities and requirements. Modern technology using hologram may provide solutions to basic requirements for the stage, lighting arts, decoration, and theatrical illusions to achieve the goals of theatrical performances for educational purposes. The study used a sample size of 400 individuals represented as those responsible for performing theater activity in several schools in four different governorates in Egypt. The study results showed the impact of holographic technology in Egyptian school theaters and future challenges that may hinder the implementation of holographic technology in educational theatres, making references to previous studies on the topic. In its conclusions, the study addressed the funding gap and other challenges facing the implementation of hologram technology in educational theaters in Egypt.

Title of the Paper: Microcontroller Training Kit Design Compatible with Drawings of the ISIS Simulation Program


Authors: H. Apaydin, N. Fusun Oyman Serteller

Pages: 22-30

Abstract: Microcontrollers are inside all areas of industry today. They are being used in many electronic circuit designs, ranging from very simple systems to highly complex systems. For that reason, microcontrollers have a great importance in the electronics sector. Microcontrollers are especially important in terms of students enrolled in engineering departments in the fields of computers, electrical engineering, electronics, and mechatronics. Experimental sets and simulation programs are used in the learning and teaching of microcontrollers in real-world simulations. In this study, a 16F877 microcontroller training set, designed for use in microcontroller courses, was used. The designed training kit allows experimentation with the 16F877 microcontroller circuits as a subprogram of the Proteus program of Lab center Electronics, which is electronic circuit drawing in Proteus ISIS (Intelligent Schematic Input System) simulation software tested in a real environment. The microcontroller basic hardware connections and the application circuits on the training kit were implemented as modules similar to the ISIS program drawings. Transition from the simulation environment to the real-life environment can be done easily by using these modules, and the information learned in this way becomes concrete.

Title of the Paper: Drivers Training based on Data from Accelerometer


Authors: Martin Vlkovský

Pages: 14-21

Abstract: This paper aims to demonstrate the ongoing work of developing a framework that will allows to improve performance to students. The framework combines use of the open source virtual worlds, the Sloodle module and a learning analytics tool, in order to facilitate the execution of the collaborative learning techniques and improved the performance to students through of analytics learning tool monitorization. This framework is still in the design phase and will later be tested in a classroom context. The target public will be students of the fifth year of basic education, with aim of improve the learning mathematics.

Title of the Paper: Learning Analytics Framework for Improving Performance to Students through Educational Virtual Worlds


Authors: Rosa Reis, Bertil P. Marques, Isabel Sampaio

Pages: 8-13

Abstract: This paper aims to demonstrate the ongoing work of developing a framework that will allows to improve performance to students. The framework combines use of the open source virtual worlds, the Sloodle module and a learning analytics tool, in order to facilitate the execution of the collaborative learning techniques and improved the performance to students through of analytics learning tool monitorization. This framework is still in the design phase and will later be tested in a classroom context. The target public will be students of the fifth year of basic education, with aim of improve the learning mathematics.

Title of the Paper: The Effect of Medium of Instruction on Undergraduate Student Learning Style in Video-based Learning


Authors: Nives Mikelic Preradovic, Tomislava Lauc, Ida Panev

Pages: 1-7

Abstract: The study aims to assess the impact of interactive and linear video on learning effectiveness of undergraduate informatics students with different predominant learning styles (visual, aural, read/write and kinesthetic style). The students in different treatment groups (learning with interactive vs. linear video) have achieved very good learning outcomes and those who used interactive videos achieved better learning outcomes. The impact of the kinesthetic predominant learning style on learning with interactive videos was not evident, i.e. the predominant learning style of the undergraduate informatics students did not affect their success, regardless of the type of video