International Journal of Neural Networks and Advanced Applications

ISSN: 2313-0563
Volume 7, 2020

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of NAUN Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

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Volume 7, 2020

Title of the Paper: Time Series Simulation by Conditional Generative Adversarial Net


Authors: Rao Fu, Jie Chen, Shutian Zeng, Yiping Zhuang, Agus Sudjianto

Pages: 25-38

Abstract: Generative Adversarial Net (GAN) has proved to be a powerful machine learning tool in image data analysis and generation. In this paper, we propose to use Conditional Generative Adversarial Net (CGAN) to learn and simulate time series data. The conditions include both categorical and continuous variables with different auxiliary information. Our simulation studies show that CGAN has the capability to learn different types of normal and heavy-tailed distributions, as well as dependent structures of different time series. It also has the capability to generate conditional predictive distributions consistent with training data distributions. We also provide an in-depth discussion on the rationale behind GAN and the neural networks as hierarchical splines to establish a clear connection with existing statistical methods of distribution generation. In practice, CGAN has a wide range of applications in market risk and counterparty risk analysis: it can be applied to learn historical data and generate scenarios for the calculation of Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Expected Shortfall (ES), and it can also predict the movement of the market risk factors. We present a real data analysis including a backtesting to demonstrate that CGAN can outperform Historical Simulation (HS), a popular method in market risk analysis to calculate VaR. CGAN can also be applied in economic time series modeling and forecasting. In this regard, we have included an example of hypothetical shock analysis for economic models and the generation of potential CCAR scenarios by CGAN at the end of the paper.

Title of the Paper: Rule Insertion Technique for Dynamic Cell Structure Neural Network


Authors: Osama Elsarrar, Marjorie Darrah, Richard Devin

Pages: 19-24

Abstract: This paper discusses the idea of capturing an expert’s knowledge in the form of human understandable rules and then inserting these rules into a dynamic cell structure (DCS) neural network. The DCS is a form of self-organizing map that can be used for many purposes, including classification and prediction. This particular neural network is considered to be a topology preserving network that starts with no pre-structure, but assumes a structure once trained. The DCS has been used in mission and safety-critical applications, including adaptive flight control and health-monitoring in aerial vehicles. The approach is to insert expert knowledge into the DCS before training. Rules are translated into a pre-structure and then training data are presented. This idea has been demonstrated using the well-known Iris data set and it has been shown that inserting the pre-structure results in better accuracy with the same training.

Title of the Paper: An Overview of Data Mining with Neural Network


Authors: U. C. Jha

Pages: 16-18

Abstract: With increasing data base management systems applications, large amounts of important data are available much of its knowledge is preserved and concealed. The methods used to extract data from is Data Mining. Various tools are available to forecast the trends that will support decision of people. Neural Networks or Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have been a promising system in many applications due to their learning ability from data and generalization ability. Neural Networks are used for prediction, classification, forecasting, and pattern recognition. This paper provides a brief overview of Data Mining with the Neural Network, its tools and process

Title of the Paper: A Novel Adaptive Speed Observer using Neural Network and Sliding-Mode for SPIM Drives


Authors: Ngoc Thuy Pham

Pages: 1-15

Abstract: In this paper, a novel Stator Current Based Model Reference Adaptive System (SC_MRAS) speed estimation scheme using neural network (NN) and Sliding Mode (SM) is proposed to improve the performance of the MRAS speed observer for high-performance Six Phases Induction Motor (SPIM) drives, especially at low and zero speed region, where the poor performance of observers is still always a large challenge. In this novel SC_MRAS scheme, a two-layer linear NN, which has been trained online by means of the Total Least Squares (TLS) algorithm, is used as an adaptive model to estimate the stator current and this model is employed in prediction mode. These novel proposed can ensure that the whole drive system achieves faster satisfactory torque and speed control and strong robustness, the observer operate better accuracy and stability both in transient and steady-state operation. Especially, in this proposed observer, the rotor flux, which is needed for the stator current estimation of the adaptive model and providing to the controller, is identified based on adaptive SM technique. The improvement of Rotor Flux Estimation for SC_MRAS-Based Sensorless SPIM Drives help to eliminate the disadvantages in SC_MRAS based observer such as stator resistance sensitivity, and flux open loop integration which may cause dc drift and initial condition problems or instability in the regenerating mode of operation, therefore, enhancing the rotor flux estimation, speed estimation and control accuracy at very low and zero stator frequency operation help improve the overall observer and drive system performance. The indirect field oriented control (IFOC) for speed control of a sensorless SPIM drive using the proposed observer is built by MATLAB/ Simulink. The simulation results are presented under sensorless speed control performance to validate the effectiveness of the proposed estimation and control algorithms.