International Journal of Education and Information Technologies


ISSN: 2074-1316
Volume 13, 2019

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of NAUN Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

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Volume 13, 2019


Title of the Paper: Internet Dependence of First-Year Students Technical University

 

Authors: S. V. Lavrinenko

Pages: 102-105

Abstract: Internet addiction is the most important problem of our time, especially among young people. The article presents the results of investigation of Internet addiction of first-year students of one of Russia's leading technical universities. The study was conducted on the basis of K. Young techniques. According to the results, the problem is very serious. Symptoms of Internet addiction have been found in nearly one-third of students. Only 10 percent of students are ordinary internet users. It is necessary to organize the educational process in the electronic environment more actively and efficiently. As a result, the students while they are at the computer will spend time with benefits for their education, without any negative consequences.


Title of the Paper: Source Code Explorer System to Enhance the Software Maintainability and Scalability

 

Authors: Mohammad Subhi Al-Batah, Nouh Alhindawi, Saleh Oqeili, Obaida M. Al-Hazaimeh

Pages: 94-101

Abstract: Typically, the traditional ways of exploring any artifacts relate to the source code through software systems is useless and considered as error prone and time consuming. Software systems are often comprised of many lines of code scattered across many different files, all located within a complex hierarchical file system. This hierarchical distribution of the code fragments makes the process of changing the source code complex task and need to be done from an expert developer to avoid affecting or changing unrelated fragments. Due to this complexity, developers can easily become disoriented and lost within software systems, moreover the developers cannot also extract data about the code. Because of these problems, in this paper, a tool called Source Code Explorer (SCodeEx) is presented. The proposed tool has been developed using C#. SCodeEx can solve the problem of the use of paper-based solutions. SCodeEx is solving the problem of categorizing and extracting data from the code in professional way. The proposed system is successfully passed and the users notice the credibility of the system to explore the classes with its functions and names, number of callee, call, variables, return data type and access modifier to each function. Compared to existing tools, SCodeEx is more professional and the way to solve the problem is faster and easier than others.


Title of the Paper: The Principles, Philosophy of Change and Action Lines in Preschool Education Core Curriculum Guidelines in Poland

 

Authors: Anna Klim-Klimaszewska

Pages: 85-93

Abstract: The core curriculum (curriculum guidelines) is a legal document issued by the Minister for National Education in the form of a regulation. Preschool education core curriculum is developed following the definition resultant from the law on education. It comprises the following: obligatory goals of education and educational contents, including but not limited to skills described in general and specific requirements pertaining to knowledge and abilities students should possess upon completion of a given educational stage; educational and preventive tasks of preschool; conditions and methods of implementation of the core curriculum. The field of education and learning set forth therein must be extended and made more precise on an ongoing basis in individual preschool education programs. The structure of the core curriculum for preschool education has a direct reference to three main sources: the nature of integrated teaching begun by the 1999 reform which supplements the document with a relevant paradigm; the model of recording in the form of educational goals/objectives (learning outcomes) introduced by the 2009 reform; the concept of integrated teaching. It is based on three strategies of child learning: perceptive-reproductive, perceptive-explanatory, and perceptive-innovative.


Title of the Paper: On the Comparison of the Implicit Advanced and Hybrid Methods and their Application to Solving Volterra Inteqro-Differential Equations

 

Authors: Galina Mehdiyeva, Vagif Ibrahimov, Mehriban Imanova

Pages: 79-84

Abstract: The mathematical models for many problems of natural sciences are constructed by using the Volterra integral and the Volterra integro-differential equations. Usually, for solving the initial-value problem for Volterra integro-differential equations have applied the methods which are used in solving of the initial-value problem for ODE. But for the calculation of the integral participated in the integro-differential equations are used the quadrature methods which have some disadvantages. Therefore, here to solving named problem proposed to apply the multistep methods of the advanced type which are freed from above-mentioned disadvantages. For the shown advantages of this method, we have used the comparison of some known methods with the proposed. And also have constructed some algorithms for solving the initial-value problem for the Volterra integro-differential equations. For the illustration of the received here, results have considered the application of these algorithms to solving of the initial-value problem for some Volterra integro-differential equations.


Title of the Paper: Educational Simulation Tools for Radio Wave Propagation Models

 

Authors: Anamaria Bjelopera, Matej Kajinić, Emil Dumić

Pages: 73-78

Abstract: Theory of electromagnetic waves is usually covered to a lesser extent within courses of physics for first year students of electrical engineering. Teaching higher education courses of more complex analysis of EM wave propagation which is meant for senior students, specially those of radio communications, imposes some challenges for professors because this subject is very difficult for students to understand. So, professors are faced with process of finding suitable tools for analysis and simulation of EM wave propagation which will complement their theoretical part of lectures. Various program tools such as MATLAB are useful applications for students in order to get a better insight of wireless network planning and design which will be a good preparation for their later work with real-life signals and industry systems worldwide. This paper describes basic properties and shows simulations results of COST 231-Hata, ITM (Irregular Terrain Model) and Ericsson used in the area of the city of Dubrovnik with frequencies of 800 MHz and 1.8 GHz used in Cloud RF tool.


Title of the Paper: Value-notional Relations of People with Persons with Disabilities in Additional and Alternative Education and in Other Inclusive Social Practices

 

Authors: Galina A. Stepanova, Anna I. Tashcheva, Tatiana A. Markova, Elena Yu. Shpakovskaya, Oksana V. Tokar, Natalya G. Bazhenova, Mariam R. Arpentieva, Margarita E. Kirichkova

Pages: 65-72

Abstract: The purpose of the article is to study the influence of the value system on the understanding the disability, its consequences, the characteristics of personal and interpersonal relationships, and the lives of people with disabilities. For this purpose, the authors conducted a theoretical study of the socio-psychological variants of value-notional attitudes towards people with disabilities and towards disability. Value-notional relations are relations connected with the peculiarities of value (value-given) understanding of internal and external reality by man. Practically all significant and important for him and society human relations are value-notional , that is, due to the systems of values and ideals (at the individual level), morality and ideology (at the social level). One of the most important choices of this type is associated with the choice of attitude towards other people, including people as others, that is, different from themselves and different from some social norm. Recently, these differences have been combined into a group of "strange" or "queer", which includes people with disabilities, gay people, and some other representatives of the "countercultures". Attitude towards people with disabilities is one of the basic relations of a person, which shows the measure of his adulthood, social and personal maturity. It also shows how mature the community that builds certain attitudes towards people with disabilities. The materials of the article can be useful in the practical work of psychologists in solving problems related to the deformations of the value-notional relations to the people with disabilities. The greatest efficiency and effectiveness of psychological and pedagogical support for self-development of children and adult with HIA of different age groups is achieved in inclusive conditions of additional and alternative (global) education. This is because the environment (conditions) of additional education for children, teenagers, adults and elders have a number of important inclusive educational and other social resources (opportunities). Within the framework of additional and alternative education, psychological support is productive, aimed at preventing and correcting the violations of the value-notional sphere of people with disabilities.


Title of the Paper: 3D Technology in the Cultural Heritage and Education Context

 

Authors: Eva Milkova, Martina Manenova, Lenka Chadimova, Klimis Ntalianis

Pages: 59-64

Abstract: Modern technologies are getting involved in most spheres of human activities, they play an important role also in cultural heritage care. These technologies are used when research into historical reference is carried out, specifically in case of digitalization. Within the vast framework of cultural heritage, this paper deals with using 3D technologies suitable for digitalization of cultural heritage and utilization of its results in education. Firstly, the text focuses on basic criteria selecting a software appropriate for creation of a digital 3D model of a historical building and its implementation into a serious game. The second focus is on possible ways in which 3D technologies can impact the process of teaching history to elementary school pupils.


Title of the Paper: Why the Standard Methods, 5GL, Common Platforms and Reusable Components are the Four Pillars of the New Computational Paradigm Programming without Programmers

 

Authors: Ivan Stanev, Maria Koleva

Pages: 49-58

Abstract: Two important problems concerning software engineering are identified: low efficiency of the software development process, and lack of programmers. Three key components with considerable impact on the software development process, namely the software engineering method, the problem specification language, and the platform used, are identified. Four state of the art reviews are prepared including software engineering methods, problem specification languages, cloud computing platforms, and related works. This research problem is solved by the realization of the Knowledge Based Automated Software Engineering (KBASE) method for generation of enterprise information systems, based on 5GL specification languages, common platform for automated programming and a set of intelligent components for generation of new applications from well-defined system and business reusable components in three groups – domain independent, domain dependent and problem solving. KBASE concept, KBASE technological process, KBASE specification language, and KBASE platform are described. Key results achieved in the related works are detailed. The efficiency of the new computational paradigm is presented.


Title of the Paper: Value-notional Relations of People with Persons with Disabilities in Additional and Alternative Education and in Other Inclusive Social Practices

 

Authors: Galina A. Stepanova, Anna I. Tashcheva, Tatiana A. Markova, ElenaYu. Shpakovskaya, Oksana V. Tokar, Natalya G. Bazhenova, Mariam R. Arpentieva, Margarita E. Kirichkova

Pages: 41-48

Abstract: The purpose of the article is to study the influence of the value system on the understanding the disability, its consequences, the characteristics of personal and interpersonal relationships, and the lives of people with disabilities. For this purpose, the authors conducted a theoretical study of the socio-psychological variants of value-notional attitudes towards people with disabilities and towards disability. Value-notional relations are relations connected with the peculiarities of value (value-given) understanding of internal and external reality by man. Practically all significant and important for him and society human relations are value-notional , that is, due to the systems of values and ideals (at the individual level), morality and ideology (at the social level). One of the most important choices of this type is associated with the choice of attitude towards other people, including people as others, that is, different from themselves and different from some social norm. Recently, these differences have been combined into a group of "strange" or "queer", which includes people with disabilities, gay people, and some other representatives of the "countercultures". Attitude towards people with disabilities is one of the basic relations of a person, which shows the measure of his adulthood, social and personal maturity. It also shows how mature the community that builds certain attitudes towards people with disabilities. The materials of the article can be useful in the practical work of psychologists in solving problems related to the deformations of the value-notional relations to the people with disabilities. The greatest efficiency and effectiveness of psychological and pedagogical support for self-development of children and adult with HIA of different age groups is achieved in inclusive conditions of additional and alternative (global) education. This is because the environment (conditions) of additional education for children, teenagers, adults and elders have a number of important inclusive educational and other social resources (opportunities). Within the framework of additional and alternative education, psychological support is productive, aimed at preventing and correcting the violations of the value-notional sphere of people with disabilities.


Title of the Paper: Supporting the Decision-Making Process in the Planning and Controlling of Engineer Task Teams to Support Mobility in a Combat Operation

 

Authors: Ota Rolenec, Karel Šilinger, Tibor Palasiewicz, Pavel Žižka

Pages: 33-40

Abstract: The article deals with the possibilities of supporting the decision-making process of the engineer officer in a task force staff during planning the use and controlling of engineer task teams in a combat operation using designed software. Decision support is particularly important due to the increasing dynamics of the combat and the many factors that the engineer officer must assess during his/her activity in the staff of the unit. The application is designed to create engineer-modular elements suggestions to mobility support on a tactical level based on input data. Due to the simplicity of the algorithm and the speed of design creation, it can be used not only during the planning of the operation but also in the controlling of the engineer task teams in the change of the anticipated course of the operation, unexpected losses of engineer forces and resources, the necessity to perform new tasks of engineer support, etc. The analysis of national and foreign documents and the experience of authors from practical exercises was used to develop factors for assessing their influence on the composition of forces to support the mobility of troops. After the program was created, staff training (experiment) was carried out, which confirmed the research prerequisite and the correctness of the algorithm.


Title of the Paper: Impact of Stress on Creative Human Resources and Psychological Counseling in Crises

 

Authors: Gulzhaina К. Kassymova, Oksana V. Tokar, Anna I. Tashcheva, Galina V. Slepukhina, Svetlana V. Gridneva, Natalya G. Bazhenova, ElenaYu. Shpakovskaya, Mariam R. Arpentieva

Pages: 26-32

Abstract: This paper deals with stress, which is a major problem for students throughout the modern world. Stress is a significant problem of our times and affects both the physical and mental health of people. The main objectives are to ascertain the extent to which stress affects students’ academic success and health and to suggest some techniques and pratices to cope with stress for students. Stress coping methods are the physiological, cognitive, behavioral and psychological methods to deal with stress. The main method used has been to gather and analyse the relavant data. An important source of resistance to stress is a person’s creative abilities. Stress and creative abilities of a person interact ambiguously. On the one hand, stress suppresses creative abilities, as well as all other intellectual abilities of a person. On the other hand, stress encourages people to search for new forms of response, that is, to creativity. The nature of creativity in a stressful situation is largely related to the type of stress. The more extensive stress a person experiences, than higher and larger his creative achievements. On the third hand, the creative abilities of the individual help her to undergo stress easily, sometimes not noticing them. On the fourth hand, the creative abilities of a person “lead” him to specific stressful situations associated with the need for its realization, as well as with the opposition of creative and reproductive (stereotypical) social patterns of life activity. There are some interesting problem solving methods, they can integrate in crisis management system in psychological counseling and training in the academic service of psychological assistance (support for students and teachers), etc. Our investigation clear demonstrate what there is necessary to give consulting and seminars on stress management. It clearly showed the necessity for individual and group consulting, workshops, seminars, and even compulsory courses in order to help students cope with stress and to avoid mental health problems and other negative results. Psychological counseling in a crisis is aimed at enhancing the creative abilities of the individual. The consultant encourages the client to creative rethink what is happening and what happened in his inner and outer world.


Title of the Paper: Islamic Moderation in Relation to Basic Human Values and the Effect on Online Social Networks Students Motivations

 

Authors: Adel Bessadok

Pages: 16-25

Abstract: Understanding the motivations of young people’s use of online social networks and the relationship with their human values is still receiving great attention from researchers. Previous studies have shown individuals both within and across societies have considerably different value preferences that reflect their enculturation, subjective experiences, social locations, and different genetic heritages. This study attempts to analyze the effect of Schwartz’s basic human values on the moderation factor considered to be to central to Islamic values and how this moderation factor could influence the motivation of young people’s use of online social networks. The survey data was collected from 520 young people across the greatest metropolitan region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through the completion of a questionnaire. Structural equation modelling was deployed to test the research model hypothesis. The most relevant result was that strengthening the focus on social action inside and outside the society has a significant positive impact on the individual’s Islamic moderation factor. This study stressed out that being a moderate motivates the young people to pay more attention to their family and friends in their use of online social networks and make them not submissive to foreigners in the virtual world.


Title of the Paper: Scientific Issues Treated in the Websites of Jordanian Universities Analytical Study

 

Authors: Arwa Zabian, Walid Amsha

Pages: 6-15

Abstract: With the spread of Internet the information is becoming available any time anywhere that produces a large quantity of information available to the user in an easy manner. This huge volume of information available is produced at the cost of information quality. The websites is considered the first interface from which the user can obtain the information, it is an information system that collects and distributes the information. This paper presents a survey of the content of Jordanian universities websites, the goal of this research is to explore how the universities websites can handle the scientific events like conferences, seminars .etc., to identify if the wide spread of information has influenced in the quality of content of Jordanian universities websites. And to show if the university website reflects the universities mission and objectives. Our research were based on the methodology of survey using content analysis style for 14 universities private and governmental, the questionnaire were composed on 21 variables that includes units and categories of analysis able to measure what is found, where is reviewed by a set of specialists reviewers. Our results show that there is a high competition between universities in making the university website more attractive for the user without taking in consideration the scientific content of the site.


Title of the Paper: Internet, Youtube and Informal Learning Among Undergraduate Students

 

Authors: Usaini Sulaimanu, Okorie Nelson, Chinenye Emejulu, Oyedepo Tunji

Pages: 1-5

Abstract: Undoubtedly, the digital culture has come to stay in human conservationism. The YouTube has emerged as one of those digital platforms of transmitting visual educational and entertainment contents ranging from the simplest to the complex with over 2 billion views daily. Tothis end, this study sought to find out the adoption level of YouTube as a means of informal academic learning by students of Bells University of Technology, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study premised on Uses and Gratification Theory utilised the survey method and the instrument of Questionnaire in gathering the data. The study revealed that despite majority of the students to the tune of 70% having the YouTube applications on their phones, a minute 14% viewed educational content on the platform, while 59% preferred to see music videos, sports and movies. While 69.2% of the respondents believe learning via YouTube was easier to class room teachings, 62.8% desire YouTube platform be inculcated into formal class room teachings as they find the platform more explanatory. The study therefore recommends the infusion of creative and explanatory course content into the digital platform of YouTube, thereby gratifying the academic and professional needs of students to developing a better human ecology.